How Consciousness Manifests Itself. A Person's Ability to Hypothesize

Keywords: consciousness, understanding, cognition, thinking, hypothesis, causality, intelligible, rational, empirical

Abstract

The study examines the nature of consciousness from the point of view of its manifestations at three levels of cognition. The epistemological experience of researching the Plato’s and Kant’s thinking is analyzed. Through the hierarchy of cognizable entities, described by Plato, the difference in levels of cognition is determined. The causality of the physical world, as a cognizable structure of the empirical component of reality, not only lends itself to study, but also turns out to be subject to changes by a person. Consideration of the causal structure, due to the rational level of knowledge, makes it possible to determine the existing connection, in view of the ability to go beyond causality. The main issue is the possibility of the creation of a hypothesis as a personal ability of a conscious being. Intelligent cognition, which enables intuitive assumptions, is characteristic only of consciousness in its manifestation (human). The antinomies described by Kant are not knowledge, they unite them (knowledge) into a single understanding. The hypothesis seems to be possible only thanks to consciousness, which, when embodied, is capable of giving a person an understanding of a single first principle and cognition of empirical causation.

Author Biography

Kateryna Sabadash, M. P. Dragomanov National Pedagogic University

PhD student at the Faculty of Philosophy and Social Science of  M. P. Dragomanov National Pedagogic University

References

Kant, I. (2019), Critique of Pure Reason. Trans. from Germ. N. Lossky, [Kritica chistogo razyma] [per. s nem. N. Locckiy], Azbuka, SPb, 768 p. [in Russian].

Kant, I. (2020a), Critique of Practical Reason. Trans. from Germ. N. Sokolova, [Kritica practicheskogo razyma] [per. s nem. N. Sokolova], Azbuka, SPb, 256 p. [in Russian].

Kant, I. (2020b), Critique Of Judgment. Trans. from Germ. N. Sokolova, [Kritica sposobnosti syjdenia] [per. s nem. N. Sokolova], Azbuka, SPb, 448 p. [in Russian].

Platon (1986). Dialogues. Trans. from ancient gr. S. Ya. Sheyman-Tonshteyn, [Dialogi] [per. s drevnegrech. S. Y. Sheyman-Tonshtein], Mysl’, Moscow, 1986, 607 p. [in Russian].

Platon (1994). Collected Works in 4 volumes. Trans. from ancient gr. A. N. Egunova, [Sobraniye sochineniy v 4-h tt.] [per. s drevnegrech. A.N. Egunova], Mysl’, Moscow, 1994, V. 3., 654 p. [in Russian].

Published
2021-11-30
How to Cite
Sabadash, K. (2021). How Consciousness Manifests Itself. A Person’s Ability to Hypothesize. IDEAS. PHILOSOPHICAL JOURNAL. SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC ISSUES, (1(17)-2(18), 39-46. https://doi.org/10.34017/1313-9703-2021-1(17)-2(18)-39-46
Section
History of Philosophy