The concept of "genetic image" and the existential basis of the phenomenon of identity
In numerous studies of identity, carried out within the rationalist tradition, the conformity to the primary forms and content of the very process of origin and formation of this phenomenon is partially lost. And reflections on its manifestations and constitutionalizations are beginning to resemble Hess's "bead game" more than adequate philosophical thinking. The article examines the genetic image and existential basis of identity as processes of self-identification and determination of social significance of the human being, where its existentiality (psycho-emotional complex) in all possible disturbances plays an extremely important role. Instead of fruitless and logical identification of identity as the main essence of the studied phenomenon in this case, the processes of simultaneous reproduction and observation processes appear on the forefront of reflections, which occur and affect all levels of mental and psychoemotional activity of the individual, on how other people perceive it in comparison with their self-imagination and other people's ideas within the typology that is important to them. After all, when a person really needs to feel, or to establish a connection with one or another human community, he must necessarily turn to those attributes that he shares with other people. And only in the case when such attributes, without violating his personal dignity, are part of what a person calls "being himself", they can be the basis for the formation of his identity.
Abushenko, V. (1998), “Identity” [“Identichnost'”], The latest philosophical dictionary. Comp. Gritsanov, A. A. Minsk. viewed 25 January 2021, available at: (25.01.2021): http://ponjatija.ru/node/7322 [in Russian]
Bystrytsky, Ye. (2017), “Identity and Limits of Modern Philosophy” [“Identy`chnist` i mezhi filosofiyi Modernu”], Philosophical Thought, No. 4, pp. 13-28. [in Ukrainian]
Verloka, V. (2006), Personality identity: ethical and philosophical analysis [Identy`chnist` osoby`stosti: ety`ko-filosofs`ky`j analiz], Author's thesis, G. S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 20 p., viewed 25 January 2021, available at: (25.01.2021): http://e-cat.scilib.chnu.edu.ua/cgi/irbis64r_12/cgiirbis_64.exe?LNG=uk&C21COM=S&I21DBN=AREF&P21DBN=AREF&S21FMT=fullwebr&S21ALL=%3C.%3ES%3D%D0%95%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%B0%3C.%3E&Z21ID=&S21SRW=AVHEAD&S21SRD=&S21STN=1&S21REF=5&S21CNR=10 [in Ukrainian]
Descombes, V. (2013), “How to raise the problems of collective identity?” [“Yak porushuvaty` problemy` kolekty`vnoyi identy`chnosti?”], Philosophical Thought, No. 4, pp. 81-96. [in Ukrainian]
Lisovyi, V. “Identity, identification” [“Identy`chnist`, identy`fikaciya”], viewed 25 January 2021, available at: https://studfiles.net/preview/5129867/page:35/ [in Ukrainian]
Omelayenko, H. (2008), Existential psychology as a phenomenon of post-existentialist thinking [Ekzy`stencial`na psy`xologiya yak fenomen postekzy`stencialists`kogo my`slennya], Author's thesis, G. S. Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 18 p. [in Ukrainian]
Fromm, E. (1990), Escape from Freedom [Begstvo ot svobody] [trans. from English ... P. Gurevich], Progress, Moscow, 271 p.
Foucault, M. (1994), Words and Things. Archeology of the Humanities [Slova i veshchi. Arkheologiya gumanitarnykh nauk] [trans. from French V. Vizgin, N. Autonomova. Introductory article by N. Autonomova], A-cad, St. Petersburg, 405 p.
Khamnaeva, A. (2007), Identity as a socio-philosophical problem [Identichnost' kak sotsial'nofilosofskaya problema], dissertation, East Siberian State Technological University, UlanUde, 206 p.
Erickson, E. (1996), Childhood and Society [Detstvo i obshchestvo] [Ed. 2nd, rev. and add. / trans. from English], Lenato, AST, University Book Foundation, St. Petersburg, 592 p.
Erickson, E. (1996), Identity: Youth and Crisis [Identichnost': yunost' i krizis] [Trans. from English / General ed. and foreword by Tolstykh A.], Publishing group "Progress", Moscow, 344 p