Abductive reasoning and the possibilities of their application in the context of medicaldiagnostics

Keywords: abductive reasoning, abduction, inductive reasoning, deductive reasoning, logical scheme, hypothesis, diagnosis


The article highlights the position regarding the interpretation of abductive reasoning: draws parallels with other types of reasoning, on the basis of which the specificity of understanding of abduction is determined. The position on understanding abduction in terms of its "advantages" and "disadvantages" is summarized, and the specifics of the use of abductive reasoning in the field of medicine, namely at the stage of diagnosis. Considered and argued the idea that abductive reasoning can be considered both ampliative and heuristic, also it states that the abduction refers to a logical theory, and is not limited to any kind of reasoning or method.

Author Biography

Nadiya Savchenko, O. Bogomolets National Medical University

PhD., senior lecturer of the department of philosophy, bioethics and history of medicine,
O. Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine


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How to Cite
Savchenko, N. (2022). Abductive reasoning and the possibilities of their application in the context of medicaldiagnostics. IDEAS. PHILOSOPHICAL JOURNAL. SPECIAL SCIENTIFIC ISSUES, (1(19)-2(20), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.34017/1313-9703-2022-1(19)-2(20)-9-17
Logical Investigations